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Thread: More on the "Big Five" Five-Factor Model of Personality

  1. Top | #41
    Administrator lpetrich's Avatar
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    Extraversion. Bill Clinton.
    Extroverts: very sociable. Introverts: reserved, independent.
    Facets: Gregarious, Warm, Assertive, Active, Excitement-seeking, Positive Emotionality

    High:
    • Excessive talking, leading to inappropriate social disclosure
    • Inability to spend time alone
    • Overly dramatic expression of emotions
    • Reckless excitement seeking
    • Inappropriate attempts to dominate and control others


    Low:
    • Social isolation
    • Interpersonal detachment
    • Lack of social networks
    • Flattened affect
    • Lack of joy and interest in life
    • Reluctance to assert self or assume leadership roles
    • Social inhibition and shyness

  2. Top | #42
    Administrator lpetrich's Avatar
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    Openness. Woman with red-and-black dyed hair, a small-portrait necklace, and a tattooed arm.
    Active imagination, divergent thinking, intellectual curiosity.
    Unconventional and independent thinking vs. preferring the familiar to the imaginative.
    Facets: Fantasy prone, Open to feelings, Open to diverse behaviors, Open to new/different ideas, Open to various values and beliefs

    High:
    • Preoccupation with fantasy and daydreaming
    • Lack of practicality
    • Eccentric thinking
    • Diffuse identity and changing goals
    • Susceptibility to nightmares and states of altered consciousness
    • Social rebelliousness and nonconformity that can interfere with social or vocational advancement


    Low:
    • Difficulty adapting to social or personal change
    • Low tolerance for understanding of different points of view or lifestyles
    • Emotional blandness and inability to understand verbalize own feelings
    • Constricted range of interests
    • Insensitivity to art and beauty
    • Excessive conformity to authority

  3. Top | #43
    Administrator lpetrich's Avatar
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    Agreeableness. A Pope.
    Helpful, trusting, and sympathetic vs. antagonistic and skeptical
    Facets: Straightforward, Altruistic, Compliant, Trusting, Modest, Tender-minded

    High:
    • Gullibility
    • Indiscriminate trust of others
    • Excessive candor and generosity, to the detriment of one's own interest
    • Inability to stand up to others
    • Easily taken advantage of


    Low:
    • Cynicism and paranoid thinking
    • Inability to be close even to friends or family
    • Quarrelsomeness
    • Ready to pick fights
    • Exploitative and manipulative
    • Lying
    • Lack of respect for social conventions
    • Inflated and grandiose sense of self esteem


    Someone very agreeable may be vulnerable to a con artist. On the other side, US Presidents have generally been low on agreeableness, suggesting something unflattering about how to succeed in politics.

  4. Top | #44
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    Conscientiousness. Someone doing archery at a target range.
    Organized, plan oriented, and determined vs. careless, easily distracted from tasks, and undependable
    Could be called will to achieve or work
    Facets: Competent, Orderly, Dutiful, Achievement-oriented, Self-disciplined, Deliberate

    High:
    • Overachievement
    • Workaholism
    • Compulsiveness
    • Excessive cleanliness
    • Attention to detail
    • Rigid self-discipline
    • Inability to set task aside
    • Lack of spontaneity
    • Overscrupulousness in moral behavior


    Low:
    • Underachievement
    • Not reaching artistic or intellectual potential
    • Poor academic performance relative to ability
    • Disregard rof ules and responsibilities
    • Unable to discipline oneself
    • Personal and occupational aimlessness


    Though conscientiousness is usually considered a good thing to have, it can be taken to excess. US Presidents have generally been high in this trait, with only a few exceptions, like Ronald Reagan.

    Credit for these ends of the trait ranges:
    McCrae, R.R. (1994), A reformulation of axis II: personality and personality related problems. In Costa, P.T. & Widiger, P.A. (Eds.) Personality disorders in the five factor model of personality. Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association

  5. Top | #45
    Administrator lpetrich's Avatar
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    This comparison table was adapted from Digman 1990
    Author(s) I II III IV V
    Fiske (1949) Social Adaptability Confomity Will to Achieve Emotional Control Inquiring Intellect
    Eysenck (1970) Extraversion Psychoticsm Psychoticsm Neuroticism
    Tupes & Christal (1961) Surgency Agreeableness Dependability Emotionality Culture
    Norman (1963) Surgency Agreeableness Conscientiousness Emotionality Culture
    Cattell (1957) Exvia Cortertia Superego Strength Anxiety Intelligence
    Digman (1988) Extraversion Friendly Compliance Will to Achieve Neuroticism Intellect
    Hogan (1986) Sociability & Ambition Likeability Prudence Adjustment Intellectance
    Costa & McCrae (1985) Extraversion Agreeableness Conscientiousness Neuroticism Openness to Experience
    Buss & Plomin (1984) Activity Sociability Impusivity Emotionality
    Tellegan (1985) Positive Emotionality Constraint Negative Emotionality
    Peabody & Goldberg (1989) Power Love Work Affect Intellect

  6. Top | #46
    Administrator lpetrich's Avatar
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    P154 Five Factor Model of Personality Discussion Part 3 of 3 - YouTube

    Prof. Botwin then discusses how various activities correlated with the five factors.
    • Good Grades in School: C+ N-
    • Educational Attainment and Earnings: N- O+ C+
    • Risky Sexual Behaviors: E+ N+ C- A-
    • Pathological Gambling: N+ C-

    Conscientiousness is correlated with academic and career success -- not surprising.

    Ratings by oneself, one's employer, and strangers tend to agree.

    IQ could qualify as an additional factor of personally. Prof. Botwin didn't mention the HEXACO model, however, and there are numerous traits that have been proposed in addition to the Big Five. I also have not come across a consensus about what facets the traits have. Schemes like 2, 3, or 6 facets seem too schematic to me -- there is no reason to expect the same number for each trait.

  7. Top | #47
    Administrator lpetrich's Avatar
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    The next Big Five Inventory (BFI-2): Developing and assessing a hierarchical model with 15 facets to enhance bandwidth, fidelity, and predictive power. - PsycNET
    Reprint of "Next Big Five Inventory"
    How they did it:
    Previous work has found that approximately two to four lower-level traits consistently replicate across alternative hierarchical models of the Big Five (John et al., 2008), and that this relatively small number of traits can capture a large amount of specific personality information (DeYoung et al., 2007).
    So they selected three facets per trait. The first one they selected as an anchoring facet, one with essentially no correlation to other traits. The others were selected for their prominence in the literature and approximate orthogonality. Here is what they selected, with analogous facets in others' work:

    BFI-2 domains, facets NEO PI-R facets AB5C facets Lexical subcomponents Big Five aspects
    (McCrae & Costa, 2010) (Goldberg, 1999; Hofstee et al., 1992) (Saucier & Ostendorf, 1999) (DeYoung et al., 2007)
    Extraversion
    Sociability Gregariousness Gregariousness Sociability Enthusiasm
    Assertiveness Assertiveness Assertiveness Assertiveness Assertiveness
    Energy Level Positive Emotions/Activity -- Activity-adventurousness Enthusiasm
    Agreeableness
    Compassion Altruism Understanding Warmth-affection Compassion
    Respectfulness Compliance Cooperation Gentleness Politeness
    Trust Trust Pleasantness -- --
    Conscientiousness
    Organization Order Orderliness Orderliness Orderliness
    Productiveness Self-Discipline Efficiency Industriousness Industriousness
    Responsibility Dutifulness Dutifulness Reliability --
    Negative Emotionality
    Anxiety Anxiety Toughness (R) Emotionality Withdrawal
    Depression Depression Happiness (R) Insecurity Withdrawal
    Emotional Volatility Angry Hostility Stability (R) Irritability Volatility
    Open-Mindedness
    Intellectual Curiosity Ideas Intellect Intellect Intellect
    Aesthetic Sensitivity Aesthetics Reflection -- Openness
    Creative Imagination Fantasy Ingenuity Imagination-creativity --

  8. Top | #48
    Mazzie Daius fromderinside's Avatar
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    Why am I reminded of teats on wart hogs?

    Case histories of psychopathology, 4th ed. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1990-97669-000


    Abstract The primary purpose of this text is to present a descriptive psychopathology, that is, a careful and detailed description of the symptoms that are exhibited by a person suffering from a particular type of abnormal behavior. Comprehensive information about the individual and family history of each patient or client and the current reactions of persons in the social milieu highlight the development of the psychopathological disorder described and its impact on current functioning.
    The student of abnormal psychology is able to gain a comprehensive picture of the family and peer context of each of the disorders covered in this text, as well as an understanding of the development of symptoms over time and the meaning of psychological test findings. The treatment methods used are covered in detail; behavior therapy or cognitive behavioral treatment approaches were employed in the majority of cases, and pharmacological treatments were used in some. The treatment outcome literature related to these procedures is surveyed and their efficacy examined. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)


    Something about classifying peas by shape and size ...

  9. Top | #49
    Administrator lpetrich's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by fromderinside View Post
    Why am I reminded of teats on wart hogs?
    What do you mean?


    Something about classifying peas by shape and size ...
    I don't see the connection.

  10. Top | #50
    Mazzie Daius fromderinside's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by lpetrich View Post
    Quote Originally Posted by fromderinside View Post
    Why am I reminded of teats on wart hogs?
    What do you mean?


    Something about classifying peas by shape and size ...
    I don't see the connection.
    Words on a chart derived by successive applications of factor analysis then putting words to resulting successive groupinga. Been there rejected that. This stuff is supported by method more than science therefore the warthog uselessness analogy.

    The problem is everyone sees different connections in what you presented.

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