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Thread: February 12th - Darwin Day

  1. Top | #11
    Administrator lpetrich's Avatar
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    I got burned out from trying to compose a phylogeny of crop plants -- even with restricting myself to the better-known ones, I had a *lot* of list-making to do.

    List of culinary nuts
    List of culinary fruits
    List of vegetables
    List of culinary herbs and spices
    Edible seaweed

    So I'll take on the rest of eukaryotedom.
    • Amorphea - Opisthokonta
      • Holozoa - animals
      • Fungi
        • Ascomycota - brewer's yeast (Vegemite, Marmite), Quorn fungus
        • Basidiomycota - the most commonly-eaten mushrooms
    • Diaphoretickes
      • Archaeplastida
        • Chloroplastida
          • Chlorophyta - sea lettuce
          • Streptophyta - land plants
        • Rhodophyta - nori
      • SAR - Stramenopiles - kelp


    Turning to prokaryotes, there is only one kind of prokaryote that is eaten in bulk: Spirulina, a cyanobacterium.

    There are some prokaryotes that are used to do fermentation and other such tasks for preparing certain foodstuffs, prokaryotes like lactic-acid bacteria (Lactobacillus). However, all such prokaryotes, and also Spirulina, are in the Bacteria part of the Bacteria-Archaea split in prokaryotes. This is the earliest known split in the history of our biota where both branches have known survivors.

  2. Top | #12
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    Quote Originally Posted by Lion IRC View Post
    Same birth date as Abraham Lincoln.
    Christopher Hitchens called these two great (Christian) men...
    "The Great Emancipators"
    Darwin on his religious views:

    "Science has nothing to do with Christ, except insofar as the habit of scientific research makes a man cautious in admitting evidence. For myself, I do not believe that there ever has been any revelation. As for a future life, every man must judge for himself between conflicting vague probabilities."
    Yeah, totally sounds like a Christian thing to say. Can't possibly be that history is more complicated than you think it is. You're being deceptive, again. All this takes is to do just a little bit of research. We have Google now. There's no excuse.
    Do human beings have free will? I can't decide.

  3. Top | #13
    Administrator lpetrich's Avatar
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    I like to source things. I did indeed find a source for that: To Nicolai Mengden 5 June 1879 | Darwin Correspondence Project

    Religious views of Charles Darwin

    He started out an Anglican, but he was a deist for some years, before eventually becoming an agnostic.
    As disbelief later gradually crept over Darwin, he could "hardly see how anyone ought to wish Christianity to be true; for if so the plain language of the text seems to show that the men who do not believe, and this would include my Father, Brother and almost all my best friends, will be everlastingly punished. And this is a damnable doctrine."

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    Keep on lying, Christians. It only helps the atheist's cause.
    Do human beings have free will? I can't decide.

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    Content Thief Elixir's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by GenesisNemesis View Post
    Keep on lying, Christians. It only helps the atheist's cause.
    I have thought of myself as an atheist, but evolution turned me agnostic. If there's anything like a creator-god, evolution has to be its greatest, most elegant creation.

    Neil Shubin is in Antarctica right now, looking for Devonian fossils. His FB posts are totally surreal.

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    Sapere aude Politesse's Avatar
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    Neil Shubin is a great guy, I had the opportunity to meet him at a dinner a few years back when he came to give a talk on his then recently published book Your Inner Fish, which we still use in our intro classes as suppl. reading. My impression is that he is a perfect portrait of a field scientist, equally at home in the academy and in nature.

    I don't know what my Darwin Day plans will involve, though presumably our student club will be again hosting their annual dress-like-your-favorite-primate-taxon contest at their weekly meeting. I was thinking of maybe getting some arm extensions and going as a siamang. They're good kids.

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    Sapere aude Politesse's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Tom Sawyer View Post
    I'll spend the day killing off the weak and sickly, in order to help maximize the genetic potential which will get passed down to the next generation.

    You're welcome, humanity!
    Remember, it only works if you get them while they're juveniles.

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    Content Thief Elixir's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Politesse View Post
    Quote Originally Posted by Tom Sawyer View Post
    I'll spend the day killing off the weak and sickly, in order to help maximize the genetic potential which will get passed down to the next generation.

    You're welcome, humanity!
    Remember, it only works if you get them while they're juveniles.
    Plus, they taste better when they're young.

  9. Top | #19
    Administrator lpetrich's Avatar
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    Done with the crop plants. So many that I've split them up. Here are the superrosids:

    Fabids
    • Fabales
      • Fabaceae
        • /Arachis hypogaea/ - Peanut
        • /Cicer arietinum/ - Chickpea
        • /Glycine max/ - Soybean
        • /Glycyrrhiza glabra/ - Licorice
        • /Lens culinaris/ - Lentil
        • /Phaseolus vulgaris/ - Green bean
        • /Phaseolus lunatus/ - Lima bean
        • /Pisum sativum/ - Pea
        • /Vicia faba/ - Fava bean
    • Fagales
      • Betulaceae - Hazel tree: hazelnut
      • Juglandaceae - Pecan tree, Walnut tree
    • Malpighiales - Cassava
    • Rosales
      • Rosaceae
        • /Cydonia/ - Quince
        • /Fragaria/ - Strawberry
        • /Malus/ - Apple
        • /Prunus/ - Almond, apricot, cherry, peach, plum trees
        • /Rosa/ - Rose: rose hips
        • /Rubus/ - Raspberry, blackberry
      • Moraceae - Fig tree
    • Cucurbitales
      • /Cucumis melo/ - Cantaloupe
      • /Cucumis sativus/ - Cucumber
      • /Cucurbita pepo/ - Squash, pumpkin, zucchini
      • /Citrullus lanatus/ - Watermelon


    Malvids
    • Sapindales
      • Anacardiaceae
        • /Anacardium occidentale/ - Cashew tree
        • /Mangifera indica/ - Mango tree
        • /Pistacia vera/ - Pistachio tree
      • Rutaceae - /Citrus/ Orange, tangerine, lemon, lime, citron, kumquat, grapefruit trees
    • Malvales
      • /Theobroma cacao/ - Cacao tree: cocoa, chocolate
      • /Abelmoschus esculentus/ - Okra
    • Myrtales
      • /Psidium guajava/ - Guava tree
      • /Pimenta dioica/ - Allspice tree
      • /Syzygium aromaticum/ - Clove
    • Brassicales
      • Brassicaceae
        • /Armoracia rusticana/ - Horseradish
        • /Brassica napobrassica/ - Rutabaga
        • /Brassica oleracea/ - Broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, collard greens, kale, Brussels sprouts
        • /Brassica rapa/ - Turnip
        • /Eruca sativa/ - Arugula
        • /Eutrema japonicum/ - Wasabi
        • /Nasturtium officinale/ - Watercress
        • /Sinapis alba/ - White mustard
      • Caricaceae - Papaya tree
      • Capparaceae - Caper

  10. Top | #20
    Administrator lpetrich's Avatar
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    Now the asterids.

    Campanulids
    • Apiales
      • /Anethum graveolens/ - Dill
      • /Apium graveolens/ - Celery
      • /Carum carvi/ - Caraway
      • /Coriandrum sativum)/ - Coriander, cilantro
      • /Daucus carota/ - Carrot
      • /Foeniculum vulgare/ - Fennel
      • /Petroselinum crispum/ - Parsley
      • /Pimpinella anisum/ - Anise
    • Asterales
      • /Carthamus tinctorius/ - Safflower
      • /Cynara cardunculus/ - Artichoke
      • /Helianthus annuus/ - Sunflower
      • /Helianthus tuberosus/ - Jerusalem artichoke
      • /Lactuca sativa/ - Lettuce


    Lamiids
    • Gentianales - Coffee
    • Lamiales
      • Lamiaceae
        • /Mentha balsamea/ - Peppermint
        • /Mentha spicata/ - Spearmint
        • /Ocimum basilicum/ - Basil
        • /Origanum vulgare/ - Oregano
        • /Rosmarinus officinalis/ - Rosemary
        • /Thymus/ - Thyme
      • Pedaliaceae - Sesame
    • Solanales
      • Solanaceae
        • /Capsicum/ - Pepper
        • /Solanum/
          • /Solanum melongena/ - Eggplant
          • /Solanum tuberosum/ - Potato
          • /Solanum lycopersicum/ - Tomato
      • Convolvulaceae - Sweet potato


    Caryophyllales
    • Amaranthaceae
      • /Amaranthus/ - Amaranth
      • /Beta vulgaris/ - Beet, Swiss chard
      • /Chenopodium quinoa/ - Quinoa
      • /Spinacia oleracea/ - Spinach
    • Polygonaceae
      • /Rheum rhabarbarum/ - Rhubarb plant
      • /Fagopyrum esculentum/ - Buckwheat


    Ericales
    • Lecythidaceae - Brazil-nut tree
    • Ericaceae
      • /Gaultheria/ - Wintergreen shrub
      • /Vaccinium/ - Cranberry, blueberry

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